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Fabric care

Pashmina

Washing

  1. Dry cleaning
  2. Hand wash:
    • Your pashmina scarf is easily hand washed in cold/lukewarm water using a mild wool detergent soap free detergent specially made for delicate items or baby shampoo.
    • Dip Pashmina for 15 minutes in Luke warm water say 20 degree in 10-15 litres water. Remove pashmina; again in 5-10 litre water in a bucket add 2-3 tablespoon of liquid Soap or shampoo for delicate cloth preferably for woolen clothes, Wisk up for rich leather Immerse pashmina for 30 minutes, After 30 minutes just stir it with hand politely or turn it around a few times (NO MACHINES please, otherwise 100% pashmina will shrink and get damaged, Pashmina is very delicate fiber) Rinse the pashmina in fresh running water. Rinse until water runs clear and then drip dry only DO NO WRINGLE OR TWIST or DO NOT TUMBLER DRY IT
    • The pashmina should then be rolled into a towel to press out excess water and then laid flat to dry to avoid creases
    • Dry in shade, away from direct sunlight; reverse if embroidered with embroidered underside. Iron it when 90% dry (not 100%).
    • Gently stretch your pashmina into its original shape and allow it to air dry completely.
Removing creases
  • To remove creases from your pashmina either steam press or carefully iron with the added protection of a pressing cloth. However if it becomes badly wrinkled we advise having your pashmina dry-cleaned so as not to lose the vitality of the fabric. Do not put your pashmina in a tumble dryer.

Storing your pashmina

  • Store your pashmina in a watertight container, away from direct sunlight. It's a good pashmina care practice to clean your fabric before storage, as time will give any stains an chance to fix.
  • If you keep your pashmina in a drawer or closet, you need to protect it from moths. Mothballs may leave an unpleasant smell. A good alternative is a satchel filled with dried mint, rosemary, lavender, thyme and cloves. Not only does this repel moths, but it gives your pashmina and clothes a sweet, natural smell.

Silk

Washing

  1. Dry Cleaning
    • Most of the silk marketed by our company can be hand washed, and does not need dry cleaning
    • Perchloroethylene (commonly known in the trade as “perc”) is the most commonly used solvent in the dry cleaning business. It is highly toxic and carcinogenic. Any garments dry cleaned from such chemicals should be left in an outdoor airy environment for some time so the fumes fully leave the garment
    • Better yet, we recommend that our customers look into green dry cleaners or organic dry cleaning services that use safer and non-toxic methods such as liquid CO2 or silicone based solvents
  2. Hand wash

    General tips
    - Silk is a natural protein fiber. Do not use chlorine bleach to clean silk; chlorine will damage the silk fabric
    - Avoid drying silk in direct sunlight as sunlight for a prolonged period will damage the silk fabric
    - Substances containing alcohol will damage silk fabric. So let your perfume and hairspray dry before dressing

    Washing
    - Hand washing silk is our recommended mode of cleaning silk. Almost all silk can be hand washed (and would not shrink if the silk fabric were pre-shrunk before sewing)
    - If you have hard water, you may wish to first add a spoonful of borax to the washing water
    - Use lukewarm water and mild, non-alkaline soap (such as Ivory Liquid) or baby shampoo
    - While rinsing, you can add a few tablespoonfuls of distilled white vinegar to the rinse water to neutralize alkali traces and to dissolve soap residue
    - Or, add a few drops of hair conditioner to the final rinse water for extra silky feel
    - Soaking silk for any more than a few minutes should be avoided
    - Do not use harsh detergents that contain bleaches or brighteners
    - Do not wring or twist; roll in towel to extract water

    Drying Tips
    - Hang silk garments to dry. The silk garment will hold its shape
    - As with any fine fabric, never use direct sunlight to dry silk clothing. Doing so can damage the silk fibre and fade the colour. Wet silk may yellow in direct sunlight or on a radiator
    - Don’t use a wooden drying rack, as the dyes & finishes can leave stains
    - We do not recommend drying silk in a clothes dryer since it can damage silk in two ways: (1) excessive temperature and heat dulls the silk fabric and may also shrink it (2) friction with the dryer drum might cause yarn breaks or white streaks
    - If you do wish to use a dryer, use the heatless AIR FLUFF setting

    Ironing Silk
    - If necessary, press the silk garment inside out while damp using cool iron setting (“Silk” setting on the iron)
    - Do not wet locally as this may cause rings
    - Too much heat can dull, pucker, or burn silk fabric
    - Most wrinkles in silk can be removed by hanging the garment in the bathroom during a shower. Let humidity do the ironing for you!

    Wrinkle Removal Tips
    - Minor silk wrinkles should disappear if the garment is hung overnight
    - Stubborn wrinkles can be removed with a cool iron set on "silk"
    - Better yet, hang your silk garment in the bathroom during a shower. Humidity will remove the wrinkles for you
    - Silk Stain Removal
    - Please consult with your dry cleaner
    - As with all fine fabrics, NEVER use chlorine bleach on silk, as it will erode the fibre (not to mention the fabric discoloration)

    Travel Tips
    - Pack your silk garments as you would any other clothing. Simply hang the garment after unpacking. Minor wrinkles should disappear overnight
    - Better yet, hang your garment in the bathroom during a shower. The humidity will remove the wrinkles for you.

Wool

General Tips

  • Allow 24 hours before wearing a wool shawl again. The natural resiliency of wool fabric will allow wrinkles to fall out and the original shape to bounce back.
  • If a wool shawl gets damp, hang it out of direct sunlight. Be sure to brush it after it is dry.
  • If a label says "Dry Clean Only" take the garment to a professional dry cleaner for the best results. You may choose to hand wash the garment instead. However, the garment probably hasn't been treated for washability. Washing may result in some shrinkage, loss of colour, and/or the fabric may lose some of its softness.

Removing Stains from Wool Fabric

  • Try to treat stains immediately to prevent them from setting into the fabric.
  • With a clean white cloth, blot to remove as much of the stain as possible. Do NOT rub.
  • Take shawls with stubborn stains to the dry cleaner as soon as possible. This includes stains caused by paint, dyes, nail polish, etc.
  • Have a bottle of stain or spot removal solution on hand for oil based stains such as oil, make-up, or chocolate. Make sure that the product you use is safe for wool fabric. Test the solution on an inconspicuous area before using on the stain.
  • Be sure to remove stains before pressing. Heat can cause stains to set in wool fabric.

Washing

  1. Dry cleaning
  2. Hand wash:
    • Clean wool fabric using a mild detergent in lukewarm water. Never use hot water! Does NOT use bleach. Bleach dissolves wool fabric.
    • Completely cover the garment in water and soak for 3 to 5 minutes. Gently squeeze to allow water to penetrate the fabric. Do NOT wring the shawl.
    • Rinse thoroughly with cool water to remove all traces of soap.
    • Squeeze gently to remove excess water. Do NOT wring the garment.
    • To dry, lay the garment on a flat surface, reshaping if necessary and allow drying away from direct sunlight and heat. Do NOT hang to dry. This will cause the wool fabric to stretch from the weight of the water that has soaked into the fibres.
    • Never put wool clothing in the dryer! The combination of heat, friction and pressure will cause shrinkage.

Ironing Wool

  • Set iron for WOOL setting.
  • Add water to the iron. Always use steam heat when pressing. Never iron wool fabric dry.
  • Squeeze gently to remove excess water. Do NOT wring the garment.
  • Press shawl on the inside of the garment to avoid surface shine.
  • Use a pressing cloth when top pressing. A clean white handkerchief or cotton cloth may also be used.
  • When pressing napped fabrics, place a piece of the same fabric or a thick terry cloth towel on the ironing board to prevent crushing.
  • If napped wool fabric is slightly scorched when pressing, rub lightly with an emery board. A diluted solution of hydrogen peroxide may be used for a more severe scorch. Be sure to test on a hidden area first.
  • Shine created by pressing may be reduced by sponging white vinegar on surface of wool garment. Rinse thoroughly.
  • Some recommended notions for someone with a lot of wool to press are a steam iron, a tailor's ham for pressing curved areas such as collars and lapels, a seam roll for pressing seams open without making a visible seam edge, a point presser for hard-to-reach places, and a press cloth.

Wool Storage

  • To prevent the invasion of the clothes moth, brush wool with a fabric brush before storing.
  • Clean the garment or blanket. Food stains and body oils attract moths. Dry cleaning or laundering kills moth eggs and larvae.
  • Store cleaned wool fabric in airtight bags or containers with tight-fitting lids. When folding, add white tissue paper between folds to prevent wrinkling.
  • Add mothballs to the container. Do NOT put them directly on the fabric. Hang them in small loosely woven cloth bags near the fabric. Clothing will need to be aired out after removing from storage to remove the mothball odor.

Cashmere

Washing

  1. Dry cleaning
  2. Hand wash - If you want to wash your cashmere shawls at home, please follow these instructions
    • Hand wash in lukewarm water using your hair shampoo. Be sure to dissolve the shampoo thoroughly then put the shawl into water. Rinse with hair conditioner, this would make your cashmere shawl softer.
    • Do not bleach.
    • Squeeze gently, do not twist or wring.
    • Dry flat after removing excess water, away from direct heat and sunlight.
    • Press with damp cloth, using a cool iron, iron from the inside of the shawls

Storing your cashmere

  • Before storing your precious cashmere shawls in basements or attics, check carefully for leaks, dampness and sunlight.
  • Fold shawls or pack them neatly in tissue paper or plastic bag and store them in a closet away from light, dust and dampness.
  • Cleaning before storage is recommended, as fresh stains that may not yet be visible will oxidize and become fixed during storage, they may also be the food for moths. Moths have a discerning palate; they feast only on natural fabrics. Mothballs (naphthalene) and cedar chips are standard protection from moth infestation of woollens.
  • To store pure cashmere the most important thing is to keep moisture away, so please do not store your cashmere shawls in a damp place. A well-sealed plastic storage box (available in most stores) is good enough (a see-through one is better as you can notice that if there is any moisture inside). Make sure the box is dry before you put them in. 
  • To keep moths away, the first thing to make sure is that the shawl is clean before long-time storage. Pay close attention to any food stains as moths are particularly attracted to our normal food proteins and cooking oils. Those moth proofing products are helpful, or simply spray some perfume on a piece of paper and put the paper next to your sweater inside the box.

Removing Stains from Cashmere

  • Dry cleaning is the best way to deal with stains that hand washing cannot remove. It is also recommended if the cashmere is woven or has details such as leather buttons, which could be damaged by water. Some designs with loose knit structures are safer dry cleaned, as hand washing can disturb the knit pattern.

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